A little known topic misophonia: two case reports
Cicek Hocaoglu
Dusunen Adam The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences 2018;31:89-96
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Article No: 9   Article Type :  Case Report
Misophonia is defined as hate of sound. It is characterized with intense emotional reactions like anger, anxiety, or disgust to and avoidance behavior from special sounds such as mouth sounds while eating or chewing gum, nasal sounds like breathing, smelling or blowing or some other sounds done with fingers like playing with a pen, writing or drumming on the table, especially, made by other people. Misophonia has never been present in any of the psychiatric classification systems. Some authors suggest that misophonia should be regarded as a new mental disorder. There is limited information about misophonia. Only few cases of misophonia have been reported. The causes of misophonia, risk factors, the relationship between mental disorders and treatment of misophonia are not fully known. Misophonia is a recently described, poorly understood and neglected condition. Future studies will focus on investigating the epidemiology, phenomenology, neurophysiology, and treatment of the misophonia. Two cases of women who had complaints of misophonia are presented in this study. Principles of diagnosis and treatment in this kind of patients are discussed in our case report.
Keywords : Diagnosis, mental disorders, misophonia
Az bilinen bir konu misophonia: İki olgu sunumu
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Makale No: 9   Makale Türü :  Olgu Sunumu
Misophonia sesten nefret etme olarak tanımlanır. Özellikle diğer insanlar tarafından yapılan ağız (yemek yerken çıkan sesler, çiklet çiğneme), burun sesleri (nefes alma, koklama, üfleme) ya da parmaklarla (kalemle oynama, yazı yazma, masaya vurma) gibi özel seslere yoğun duygusal reaksiyonlarla (örneğin öfke, kaygı, tiksinti) ve kaçınma davranışı ile karakterizedir. Mizofoni günümüzde psikiyatrik sınıflandırma sistemlerinden hiçbirinde yer almamıştır. Bazı yazarlar, mizofoninin yeni bir psikiyatrik bozukluk olarak görülmesi gerektiğini ileri sürmektedir. Mizofoni ile ilgili bilgiler sınırlıdır. Sadece birkaç mizofoni vakası bildirilmiştir. Mizofoni nedenleri, risk faktörleri, diğer ruhsal bozukluklarla ilişkisi ve tedavi yaklaşımları tam olarak bilinmemektedir. Yakın zamanda tanımlanan mizofoni, iyi anlaşılmayan ve ihmal edilen bir durumdur. Gelecekteki çalışmalar, mizofoninin epidemiyolojisi, fenomenolojisi, nörofizyolojisi ve tedavisinin araştırılması üzerine odaklanacaktır. Bu çalışmada mizofoni yakınmaları olan iki kadın olgu sunulmuştur. Olgu sunumumuzda bu tür hastalarda tanı ve tedavi ilkeleri tartışılmıştır.
Anahtar kelimeler : Tanı, ruhsal bozukluklar, mizofoni
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